The Equal Pay Act (EPA) of 1963 makes it unlawful to pay workers unequal amounts on the job simply because of their genders. In the 1960s, this act was added as an amendment to the already-existing Fair Labor Standards Act. Lawmakers created the EPA to fix the considerable pay inequity between the genders at the time. A year later, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act was also passed, and this served to prohibit other forms of discrimination -- including gender discrimination -- in the workplace.
With many people spending the majority of their time at work, one would hope that employees could enjoy positive work environments. However, this is not the case for everyone.
It's common to hear stories about women or men who suffered under a sexually harassing boss for years before they finally spoke up. Certainly, there are countless people who never say anything about their egregious sexual harassment compared to the ones who report the abuse. But why is this? Why do people fail to speak up when it's clear that they're on the right side of the law? Here's what psychologists say:
If you are currently searching for a new job, you should be aware that some employers may discriminate during the hiring process. If you recognize any of the common signs of hiring discrimination during your interview process, you may take action to enforce your rights under federal employment law.
When you talk to other people about the sexual harassment you're experiencing about work, many people will want to give you their opinions on what you should do. This is understandable because they want to help you overcome the situation, heal your career and also heal your psychological and emotional state. It's all well and good to take advice and perspectives from friends, but don't' let these well-intentioned individuals distract you from the truth behind sexual harassment.
Although companies have made progress in closing the pay gap between men and women, there is still a substantial gap between the amount of money women make compared to men. In fact, recent research suggests many women make 80 cents for every dollar a man makes for the same work. The disparity grows even larger when the woman is not Caucasian.
Nowadays, there is a lot of talk about sexual harassment and various types of workplace discrimination. One term that you may have heard is "bias in the workplace," or, more specifically, "implicit bias." However, this term is not well-understood, despite the fact that it can affect a wide swath of the working public.
Many people identify with a gender other than the one a doctor assigned them at birth. Although there are presently no protections under federal law to protect transgender individuals against harassment at work, many states have created their own laws to provide them with safe working environments.
Have you ever wondered what your genes might say about your personality and working habits? Perhaps you happen to possess the gene combination that scientists claim will contribute to you being a bad accountant. Or, maybe you don't have the "doctor gene." If your employer was to make a hiring decision based on this information, it could be a violation of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA), which became effective in 2009.
For many victims of workplace sexual harassment, coming forward with their stories is exceedingly difficult. As someone who experienced this type of treatment in your workplace, you may know all too well it can lead to feelings of shame, guilt and desperation. Additionally, if you are like many other victims of sexual harassment, you may have made the decision not to come forward at all.